Ageratum plant belongs to the genus Asteraceae. Its representatives are native to North and Central America, as well as East India. The name of the plant comes from the Latin word “ageratos” which means "ageless", and, in fact, a cut flower of ageratum stays fresh for a long time. In Europe the ageratum became popular in the 19th century, in Russia it is called the "long-flowering". It is grown in gardens for its fluffy flowers that look like pompoms being collected in dense blue inflorescences. In addition, it is a minimal care plant.
Gladiolus flower, or sword lily is a long-standing and favorite ornament of our flowerbeds and gardens, although 300 years before our era, in Ancient Greece, it was considered a weed growing in wheat fields. But in ancient Rome the majestic flowers of gladioli already adorned the patrician gardens. Nowadays there are more and more people who want to grow them. This article is for those who are only going to grow gladiolus as we will be talking about the rules and features of caring for these amazingly beautiful flowers.
Ragweed (lat. Ambrosia) is a genus of perennial and annual herbaceous plants in the aster family that includes 50 species mostly growing in North America. In Eurasia, the ragweed flower appeared at the end of the 18th century: in 1873 it was brought from America together with clover seeds. In 1914, ragweed was cultivated in the village of Kudashevka, Ukraine, as a substitute for cinchona, and after the revolution it was scattered by the wheels of Studebakers throughout the country.
The monarda plant (lat. Monarda) is the genus of perennial and annual plants in the family Labiatae or Lamiaceae that includes about 20 species native to North America where they grow from Canada to Mexico. The monarda flower was named by Carl Linnaeus in honor of Nicholas Monardes, a Spanish doctor and botanist who wrote a book in 1574 describing American plants. In Europe monarda was grown for its essential oil, and by the 19th century it had been widely known as bergamot, horsemint or bee balm.
The hydrangea plant, or hortensia, belongs to the genus of flowering plants in the Hydrangeaceae family that according to different sources includes 30 to 80 species of shrubs, lianas and small trees. In the wild, hydrangeas are most often found in East and South Asia – in Japan and China. It also grows in the Far East and North America. The hortensia flower was named after the Princess of the Holy Roman Empire and it received its Latin name “hydrangea” when the scientist systemized the plant referring to its huge water consumption (hydrangea is translated as a “vessel with water”).
Astilbe is a representative of the genus of herbaceous perennials in the family of Saxifragaceae, and, according to different sources, it comprises from 18 to 40 species. “A” means “without”, “stilbe” means “brilliance”, that is, Lord Hamilton, a botanist from Scotland, when giving the name to the plant, referred to matte, dull astilbe leaves. Astilbe is native to East Asia, North America and the Japanese Islands. It grows in broad-leaved forests, along the banks of streams, in places where it is humid in summer.
Peony is a monotypic genus of herbaceous perennials, the only genus in the family Paeoniaceae. There are herbaceous peony species, tree peonies, as well as species that combine the properties of both tree and herbaceous peonies. There are about 40 species in all. In nature, the peony flowers grow in the temperate and subtropical zones of North America and Eurasia. Cultivation of peonies was started in China, in the Han era, more than two thousand years ago. The peony flower was named after Paeon, a legendary physician who treated both the gods and people for the fatal wounds received in the battles.
Spirea (lat. Spiraea),, or meadowsweet, is a genus of ornamental deciduous shrubs in the rose family (Rosaceae). The name of the plant is derived from the ancient Greek word “speira” that means “bend”, and the validity of this name is confirmed by the extra flexibility of its shoots. The main virtue of spirea is its unpretentiousness. There are about a hundred species of spirea growing in the steppe, forest-steppe and semi-deserts.
Dahlia flowers (lat. Georgina) are one of the most beautiful and long-flowering garden flowers in the family Asteraceae having a broad range of flower colors and a variety of shapes. In addition to its beauty one of the most important qualities of dahlia is that they bloom from July till the frosts. The first tubers of dahlia were brought to Europe from Mexico at the end of the 18th century. In 1803 the plant received its name from the botanist Carl Willdenow, who named the dahlia plant in honor of a famous botanist, ethnographer and geographer from Petersburg, academician Johann Georgi. There are about thirty species and 15,000 varieties of dahlia.
Alyssum plant (lat. Alyssum), or alison, or sweet alyssum, belongs to the family Brassicaceae (it was formerly included in the family Cruciferae) and comprises about 100 plant species that grow in North Africa, Asia and Europe. The word “alyssum” is the Latinization of the Greek word “alisson”: “a” means "without" (a denial), “lyssa” means “dog rabies”. That is, in ancient times the alyssum flowers were somehow used in the treatment of rabies. In the garden culture the alyssum flower became known not so long ago, but its popularity is growing every year, and the reason for this, besides the simplicity in the care, is the strong honey aroma that the plant exudes.