Dahlia flowers (lat. Georgina) are one of the most beautiful and long-flowering garden flowers in the family Asteraceae having a broad range of flower colors and a variety of shapes. In addition to its beauty one of the most important qualities of dahlia is that they bloom from July till the frosts. The first tubers of dahlia were brought to Europe from Mexico at the end of the 18th century. In 1803 the plant received its name from the botanist Carl Willdenow, who named the dahlia plant in honor of a famous botanist, ethnographer and geographer from Petersburg, academician Johann Georgi. There are about thirty species and 15,000 varieties of dahlia.
Forsythia plant (lat. Forsythia) is a genus of small trees and bushes of the olive family (Oleaceae), blooming with bright yellow flowers in early spring. The genus of forsythia is very ancient, and this is confirmed by the spread of its natural habitat: six species of forsythia grow in East Asia (Japan, Korea, China), in Europe forsythia flower is represented only by European forsythia (Forsythia europaea) that mainly grows in the Balkans, although you can see forsythia flowering in the middle of March in Germany.
Alyssum plant (lat. Alyssum), or alison, or sweet alyssum, belongs to the family Brassicaceae (it was formerly included in the family Cruciferae) and comprises about 100 plant species that grow in North Africa, Asia and Europe. The word “alyssum” is the Latinization of the Greek word “alisson”: “a” means "without" (a denial), “lyssa” means “dog rabies”. That is, in ancient times the alyssum flowers were somehow used in the treatment of rabies. In the garden culture the alyssum flower became known not so long ago, but its popularity is growing every year, and the reason for this, besides the simplicity in the care, is the strong honey aroma that the plant exudes.
Zinnia (лат. Zinnia) belongs to the genus of herbaceous and shrubby perennials in the Asteraceae family, native to South Mexico, named after the pharmacologist and botanist Johann Gottfried Zinn from Göttingen, who being a director of the Botanic garden supplied Carl Linnaeus with the herbarium for research. The Aztecs cultivated zinnia from 1500, and in Europe it appeared in the 18th century, immediately becoming a favorite ornament of gardens and aristocratic receptions.
Petunia (lat. Petunia) is a genus of herbaceous perennials and dwarf shrubs of the family Solanaceae, growing in the tropics of Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, Uruguay and Paraguay. The plant name comes from the Brazilian word "petun" meaning "tobacco", the cousin of which is a petunia. One species occurs even in North America. There are about twenty-five species of petunia that sometimes differ greatly. Petunias have been cultivated since the 18th century.
Marigold (lat. Tagetes) is a genus of perennial and annual plants belonging to the family of Asteraceae or Compositae. This plant is native to South and Central America. They have long been used in the rituals of local Indian tribes, as well as for treatment of various diseases. In Europe marigolds were brought in the 16th century and were the first overseas flowers in Russia. The marigold flower was named by Karl Linnaeus in honor of Tagez, the Etruscan demigod, the grandson of Jupiter, famous for his beauty and gift of the soothsayer.
Gazania plant (lat. Gazania), or treasure flower, or African daisy, relates to the family Asteraceae, presented by forty species that in nature grow in Mozambique and South Africa, as well as in the Australian coastal dunes. In the XVII century gazania flower was brought to Europe and got its current name in honor of the Italian priest Theodorus Gaza, famous for his translations of the works of Aristotle and Theophrastus. In Western Europe, this plant is called "Midday Gold" due to the fact that gazania flowers of warm shades open at midday.
Hyacinth (lat. Hyacinthus) is a genus of bulbous perennials in the family of Asparagaceae, although it used to belong to a separate family of Hyacinthaceae and was formerly classified in the lily family Liliaceae. The name of the flower is translated from the Greek language and means “flower of rains”. The flower was named after the hero of the ancient Greek myth: in those days there was a beautiful young man, Hyacinth, the son of King of Sparta, a young friend of the god Apollo who often descended from heaven and taught Hyacinth to throw a discus.
Lobelia (lat. Lobelia) is a genus of perennial and annual sub-shrubs, shrubs and herbaceous plants in the family Campanulaceae, although some scientists include them to the family with the same name – Lobeliaceae. The lobelia plant was named after the Flemish botanist Matthias de Lobel who was the superintendant of the royal botanical garden during the reign of James I. The lobelia flower grow almost in all parts of the world, but most of all it occurs in the subtropics and it can be rarely found in temperate zones. In total today there are about 300 species of lobelia.
Lupin (lat. Lupinus) is a genus in the legume family that is represented by both annual and perennial herbaceous plants, shrubs, sub-shrubs and low-growing sub-shrubs. In Latin “lupus” means “wolf”, and the plant itself is sometimes called “lupin beans”. In the wild lupin flowers occur in two regions: in the Mediterranean-African region there are 11 annual and 1 perennial species of lupin, and in the Western Hemisphere, from Patagonia to Alaska and from the Atlantic to the Pacific, there are about 200 species.