Phlox (lat. Phlox) is a genus of herbaceous plants in the family of Polemoniaceae that includes about seventy species and about forty of them are cultivated. In Europe phlox was brought in the middle of the 18th century, since then breeders have created about 1,500 varieties of beautiful and fragrant flowers. Phlox is a Greek word meaning “flame”. This name was given to the plant by Carl Linnaeus in 1737 as the flowers of some species are extremely bright. Phlox is native to North America and its harsh climate made this plant easy-to-grow and tenacious. In addition, phloxes are very fragrant and bloom for a long time.
Delphinium (lat. Delphinium) is a genus of herbaceous plants in the family of Ranunculaceae. The common name is larkspur. There are about 450 species of annual and perennial plants. Annual delphiniums that include about 40 species are sometimes referred to an adjacent genus Consolida. Delphiniums grow in China (about 150 species) and throughout Southeast Asia, in the mountains of tropical Africa, in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. It is believed that the unopened delphinium flower looks like a dolphin's head, but there is an opinion that the delphinium flowers received its name in honor of the Greek city of Delphi, in the vicinity of which they grew in a great amount. Anyway, all florists will agree that this luxurious flower will decorate any flower garden.
Adonis flower (lat. Adonis), or pheasant’s-eye, belongs to the genus Ranunculaceae, that includes, according to different sources, from 20 to 45 species of herbaceous annuals and perennials growing in Europe and some regions of Asia with a temperate climate. Adonis plant prefers a mild summer. Its Latin name comes from the Greek myth and was given in honor of the son of the Cyprian king, Aphrodite's lover, Adonis, who died when hunting a wild boar. The blood of Adonis colored the flowers and plants in red, so the name “adonis” should refer only to species with red flowers, although there are not many of them in the genus. According to another version, the name of the flower comes from the name of the Assyrian god Adon. Adonis had become popular in cultivation only by the end of the XVII century, but since then adonis is constantly grown in parks, gardens and flower beds. Planting and caring for adonis in the open ground, as well as a description of plant species are the topics of this article.
Ageratum plant belongs to the genus Asteraceae. Its representatives are native to North and Central America, as well as East India. The name of the plant comes from the Latin word “ageratos” which means "ageless", and, in fact, a cut flower of ageratum stays fresh for a long time. In Europe the ageratum became popular in the 19th century, in Russia it is called the "long-flowering". It is grown in gardens for its fluffy flowers that look like pompoms being collected in dense blue inflorescences. In addition, it is a minimal care plant. There are about 60 species of ageratum.
Gladiolus flower, or sword lily is a long-standing and favorite ornament of our flowerbeds and gardens, although 300 years before our era, in Ancient Greece, it was considered a weed growing in wheat fields. But in ancient Rome the majestic flowers of gladioli already adorned the patrician gardens. Nowadays there are more and more people who want to grow them. This article is for those who are only going to grow gladiolus as we will be talking about the rules and features of caring for these amazingly beautiful flowers.
Ragweed (lat. Ambrosia) is a genus of perennial and annual herbaceous plants in the aster family that includes 50 species mostly growing in North America. In Eurasia, the ragweed flower appeared at the end of the 18th century: in 1873 it was brought from America together with clover seeds. In 1914, ragweed was cultivated in the village of Kudashevka, Ukraine, as a substitute for cinchona, and after the revolution it was scattered by the wheels of Studebakers throughout the country. The ragweed plant is a quarantine weed. The scientific name of the genus comes from the mythological name of the food of the gods that confers immortality and youth. A fragrant ointment that the gods supposedly used was also called “ambrosia”.
The monarda plant (lat. Monarda) is the genus of perennial and annual plants in the family Labiatae or Lamiaceae that includes about 20 species native to North America where they grow from Canada to Mexico. The monarda flower was named by Carl Linnaeus in honor of Nicholas Monardes, a Spanish doctor and botanist who wrote a book in 1574 describing American plants. In Europe monarda was grown for its essential oil, and by the 19th century it had been widely known as bergamot, horsemint or bee balm.
The hydrangea plant, or hortensia, belongs to the genus of flowering plants in the Hydrangeaceae family that according to different sources includes 30 to 80 species of shrubs, lianas and small trees. In the wild, hydrangeas are most often found in East and South Asia – in Japan and China. It also grows in the Far East and North America. The hortensia flower was named after the Princess of the Holy Roman Empire and it received its Latin name “hydrangea” when the scientist systemized the plant referring to its huge water consumption (hydrangea is translated as a “vessel with water”). The Japanese call the hydrangea “ajisai”, which in Japanese means "purple sun-shining flower". Despite there is a large variety of hydrangea species only bigleaf hydrangea is grown in indoor culture as it is compact and low-growing. In cold climate zones all other species and varieties of hydrangeas are cultivated in the gardens.
Astilbe is a representative of the genus of herbaceous perennials in the family of Saxifragaceae, and, according to different sources, it comprises from 18 to 40 species. “A” means “without”, “stilbe” means “brilliance”, that is, Lord Hamilton, a botanist from Scotland, when giving the name to the plant, referred to matte, dull astilbe leaves. Astilbe is native to East Asia, North America and the Japanese Islands. It grows in broad-leaved forests, along the banks of streams, in places where it is humid in summer. Astilbe was brought to Europe from Japan at the end of the 18th or the beginning of the 19th century by the hunters for unusual plants Carl Peter Thunberg and Philipp Franz von Siebold, and since then it has been a favorite of all the shady gardens.
Peony is a monotypic genus of herbaceous perennials, the only genus in the family Paeoniaceae. There are herbaceous peony species, tree peonies, as well as species that combine the properties of both tree and herbaceous peonies. There are about 40 species in all. In nature, the peony flowers grow in the temperate and subtropical zones of North America and Eurasia. Cultivation of peonies was started in China, in the Han era, more than two thousand years ago. The peony flower was named after Paeon, a legendary physician who treated both the gods and people for the fatal wounds received in the battles. In gardens herbaceous peony is mostly grown as gardeners highly appreciate its beautiful fragrant buds that start blooming in May and decorate flower beds for a month and a half. And our story is going to be about these peonies.