Schefflera plant (lat. Shefflera), or umbrella tree, belongs to the largest genus in the family Araliaceae that counts around 200 species. Schefflera flower was named in honor of either the German botanist Christian Jakob Scheffler, who lived in the XVIII century, or the Polish scientist Johann Peter Ernst von Scheffler. In nature, the representatives of this genus are vines, shrubs or trees, reaching a height of 6.5 ft and growing in the tropics of Australia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. Some garden forms of schefflera with variegated foliage are very popular.
China rose plant, or Chinese hibiscus (lat. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) is one of the most popular species in the culture that belongs to the genus Hibiscus and family Malvaceae. Hibiscus genus includes about two hundred species, but Chinese hibiscus has become the most popular in home horticulture. The flower of China rose is native to the south of China and the north of Indochina from which it began its triumphant spread over subtropical and tropical regions of the Earth.
Croton plant (lat. Croton), or codiaeum (lat. Codiaeum), or rushfoil, belongs to the genus in the family Euphorbiaceae. The gardeners liked the name “croton” more than the scientific “codiaeum” that means “head” in Greek. But what does ”croton” mean? Well, no one knows for sure. Perhaps, this name came from the name of the city in southern Italy, where Pythagoras once founded his school, and probably in some dialect this word means “shrub”. The homeland of wild croton is the islands of the Pacific and Northern Australia, India, as well as the Southeast Asia.
Cyclamen plant belongs to the genus of herbaceous perennials in the family Myrsinaceae, although some scientists consider it to be in the family Primulaceae. The name of the plant is derived from the Latin word that means “round”, as a form of cyclamen tubers. The genus includes about 20 species. The cyclamen flower is native to the Mediterranean, Iran and Northeast Africa, but most of all it grows in Turkey. Some species of cyclamen are successfully cultivated as indoor plants. Diluted cyclamen juice is used to treat sinusitis, but you should be careful as it can cause the burn of the mucous membrane.
Gardenia is a genus of the family Rubiaceae from the tropics, named after the American physician and naturalist Alexander Garden. In room conditions gardenia flowers do not take up much space, but in its natural habitat, and it grows in East and South-East Asia and South Africa, gardenia plants can be up to 2 m (7 ft) high. Gardenia jasminoides is the most popular species for home; it’s also called cape jessamine or cape jasmine and was firstly brought to England in 1760.
Poinsettia is a plant of the genus Euphorbia that belongs to family Euphorbiaceae, naturally growing in the tropics of Mexico and Central America. Poinsettia plant is an evergreen shrub, reaching a height of 13 ft in its habitat, outside its natural environment it is a bush of 12-20 inches in height. The leaves are dark-green, elliptic, petiolate, with serrated edges and 4-6 inches in length. The flowers are yellowish, small, collected in the rosette inflorescence that is surrounded by bright red bracts that are mistaken for flower petals. Also, breeders have created poinsettia varieties with pink, white, yellow and even bi-colored bracts.
Phalaenopsis orchid is a herbaceous plant tribe Vandeae, family Orchidaceae. It comes from the rainforests of Australia, Southeast Asia and the Philippines. Phalaenopsis orchids are mostly epiphytes since they grow on trees, but sometimes they grow even on rocks. The first phalaenopsis was discovered by the German naturalist Georg Rumphi on one of the Molucca Islands, but the name of the flower was given by Karl Blume, the director of the Leiden Botanical Garden, who while looking at an exotic orchid with binoculars took it by the butterfly, and therefore called phalaenopsis "like a moth."
Begonia plant (lat. Begonia) belongs to the most famous and the largest genus of the family Begoniaceae. The genus includes about 1,000 species of plants growing in the mountains at an altitude of 9,842 to 13,123 feet above sea level, in tropical rain forests and subtropical areas. Most of the species of begonias can be found in South America. Begonias also grow in the Himalayas, the mountains of India, Sri Lanka, the Malay Archipelago and in West Africa. Moreover, Africa is considered to be a home for begonias from which they spread to Asia and America. Even today more than a third of all species of the genus grow in Africa.
Myrtle plant (lat. Myrtus) belongs to the genus of evergreen woody plants of Myrtaceae family the flowers of which contain essential oil. Myrtle natural habitats are the Mediterranean, the Azores and the north of the African continent. It is not coincidence that the plant’s name sounds practically the same as the Greek word "myrrh" meaning "balm, liquid incense", because myrtle essential oil has long been used as cult attribute in the temples of various concessions. The legend has it that expelled from Eden Adam brought a myrtle flower to the Earth as the memory of a lost paradise. In different cultures this plant is connected with a lot of myths, beliefs, traditions, rituals, and signs.