The monarda plant (lat. Monarda) is the genus of perennial and annual plants in the family Labiatae or Lamiaceae that includes about 20 species native to North America where they grow from Canada to Mexico. The monarda flower was named by Carl Linnaeus in honor of Nicholas Monardes, a Spanish doctor and botanist who wrote a book in 1574 describing American plants. In Europe monarda was grown for its essential oil, and by the 19th century it had been widely known as bergamot, horsemint or bee balm.
The morning glories
bloom, securing the gate
in the old fence.
This haiku of Matsuo Basho, the Japanese poet, is dedicated to ipomea plant, or water convolvulus. It is the most numerous genus of flowering plants in the family Convolvulaceae. There are more than five hundred species in this genus. Its representatives grow in tropical and subtropical regions of the world and the genus comprises perennial and annual plants, bushes, trees and lianas. In the genus of ipomea there are even representatives of food crops – sweet potato and water spinach. The name “ipomea” is derived from two Greek words: “ips” means “worm” and “homoios” means “similar”. So the name means “worm-like” and this definition refers to the rhizome of perennial plants of the ipomea genus. In floriculture, lianas of this genus are mostly used. In the morning its flowers open earlier than all other flowers and that is why morning glory is called “the flower of the morning dawn”. It is difficult to imagine that field convolvulus, the weed and the farmer's nightmare, is a close relative of the luxurious morning glory that is such a popular ornamental plant among flower growers and gardeners.
Ranunculus (lat. Ranunculus), or buttercup, is a plant of family Ranunculaceae native to Asia Minor. Its name was given by an ancient scholar Pliny meaning "a frog" in Latin since many species of buttercup prefer marshland as all amphibians do. Ranunculus was brought to England from Turkey in the 16th century and soon it became a favorite flower of gardeners, but by the end of the 19th century its popularity had somewhat decreased and it was revived only in the current century. Today there are more than 600 species of ranunculus. Ranunculus flower can stay fresh in a vase with water up to two weeks. In Italy buttercup is called "golden buttons of meadows." A beautiful legend has it that buttercups are small stars that were turned to the flowers by Jesus and presented to his mother as a sign of respect and love...
Aquilegia plant, or columbine, or granny’s bonnet, belongs to the genus of herbaceous perennials in the family Ranunculaceae. According to various sources, there are from 60 to 120 species of this plant that grow in the mountainous regions of the Northern Hemisphere. About 35 species are cultivated. There are different points of views as for the origin of the Latin name: some argue that it is formed by the words “aqua” (water) and “legere” (to collect), while others believe that the name is derived from the word “aquila” that means "eagle". Aquilegia has long been known in the floriculture and beyond. It is mentioned in literature, for example, in “Hamlet” Ophelia offers her brother Laertes a columbine flower (aquilegia in England). And the flower of aquilegia symbolizes the presence of the Holy Spirit in the paintings of medieval artists.
Many plant growers tried to grow roses from cuttings, but not all of them were successful. We are going to tell how to grow roses from cuttings and hope that this knowledge will help you become more successful in breeding these truly royal flowers. Propagation of roses by cuttings guarantees a much more reliable result than grafting or seed propagation due to its simplicity and the opportunity to be carried out at any time of the year since not only spring shoots of a rose bush, but also the stems of roses from a bouquet gifted to you can be used as cuttings.
Freesia is one of the most charming bulbous plants that is grown in the garden and at home. Freesia (lat. Freesia) is a genus of herbaceous tuberous perennials in the family Iridaceae that includes about 20 species. The most famous freesia is hybrid freesia that appeared as a result of crossing several species about a century ago. This plant is native to South Africa where it grows on wet beaches and among shrubs. It was named after Friedrich Freese, a German botanist and a doctor. Freesia is elegant, tender and delicate, its fragrant resembles a lily-of-the-valley scent, and that is why it is sometimes called "Cape lily-of-the-valley". All these qualities make this flower popular as a cut flower among florists.
Iris (lat. Iris), or blueflag, is a genus of rhizome perennials in the family Iridaceae. Iris grows everywhere and has about 700 species of all kinds of shapes and shades. Iris is translated as “rainbow”. It was Hippocrates who named the flower in honor of Iris, the goddess of the rainbow. The legend says that when Prometheus gave fire to people, a rainbow flared up as nature was rejoicing. The rainbow was coming in colors all day, evening and night, and when the darkness receded and the sun rose, everyone saw amazing iris flowers blooming on the ground and the flowers looked like a rainbow. Meaning “blossoming”, Florence received its name from the Romans for the fact that the fields around the city were dotted with irises. The iris flower has been cultivated for more than two thousand years. And they are grown not only as a decoration of gardens, but also as a valuable raw material for the production of essences in the perfume industry.
Viola plant (lat. Viola) belongs to the genus in the family of Violaceae, the representatives of which grow mainly in mountainous areas and places with a moderate climate of the Northern Hemisphere and number from four to seven hundred species according to various sources. Some of the violas are endemic to the South American Andes, some of them occur in the subtropics of Brazil, the tropics of South Africa, Australia, the Hawaiian Islands and New Zealand. The common name of viola is a pansy. The violet-viola has long been popular. About 2,500 years ago ancient peoples inhabiting the territory of Europe weaved the flower into festive garlands and wreaths, decorating the rooms for celebrations. Sweet viola was the first viola that was introduced in the culture and it was followed by mountain viola. The first mention of breeding works on breeding hybrids of violets dates back to 1683. Acquaintance of the Europeans with the species of the garden pansy (viola wittrockiana) that is a hybrid of mountain pansy, viola altaica and wild pansy (viola tricolor) took place in the XIX century. Today, a garden viola is one of the most popular plants, numbering hundreds of species and varieties.
In the misty rain
the rose mallows
make it a fine day.
Malva (lat. Malva), or mallow, or hollyhock, is a genus of herbaceous, usually annual, sometimes biennial and perennial plants in the family Malvaceae. Today about 30 species of mallow grow in nature in the temperate climate of North Africa, North America, Asia and Europe. Malva was cultivated even in ancient Egypt and Greece: a description of the healing properties of the plant was found in the writings of Hippocrates and Pliny the Elder. In the twenties of the last century scientists discovered ecological plasticity and high fodder qualities of malva. And large bright pink flowers always aroused the admiration of the artists who portrayed them in the paintings, and of the poets who praised them in verse. And how to imagine a Ukrainian cottage of wattle and daub without the malvas growing near it in the front garden? Or a Ukrainian ritual cloth without its embroidered bright pink flowers...
Hosta (lat. Hosta), or funkia, is a genus of herbaceous perennials in the family Asparagaceae, although it used to be included to the family Liliaceae. Hosta was named in honor of the Austrian botanist and doctor N. Host, and the second name funkia was received in honor of H. Cr. Funk, a German botanist. In total there are about 40 species of this plant. Hosta is native to East Asia (Korea, China, Japan), the southwest of the Far East, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. Moisture-loving hostas grow near the banks of rivers and streams, on the slopes of mountains and forest edges. The Japanese consider the hosta flower to be a sacred plant, and the petioles of leaves are used for food as a delicacy. When hosta appeared in England, it did not impress the local residents, but, after getting in the New World, very soon it became the most popular plant. Its success was so enormous that its popularity quickly spread to other continents.